Pdf Read [ Empires of the Weak: The Real Story of European Expansion and the Creation of the New World Order] ↠ J C Sharman

  • Hardcover
  • 216
  • Empires of the Weak: The Real Story of European Expansion and the Creation of the New World Order
  • J C Sharman
  • English
  • 26 September 2020
  • 0691182795

J C Sharman Ø 7 characters

review Ï eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Ø J C Sharman Empires of the Weak: The Real Story of European Expansion and the Creation of the New World Order review ☆ 7 He imperialism of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was a relatively transient and anomalous development in world politics that concluded with Western losses in various insurgencies If the twenty first century is to be dominated by non Western powers like China this represents a return to the norm for the modern eraBringing a revisionist perspective to the idea that Europe ruled the world due to military dominance Empires of the Weak demonstrates that the rise of the West was an exception in the prevailing world orde. This is a short book less than 200 pages of text with about 50 additional pages of sources end notes and index It is also written for a reader for whom paradigm disruptive and teleology and anachronism will not even if they have to be looked up prove to be well disruptive It has a basic simple theme which I had not encountered before That the supposed triumph of European culture in most of today s world was NOT the inevitable result of all historical trends and that it was in actuality fairly modern fairly brief and now seen to be mostly transitory This flies in the face of almost everything that we Westerners have ever been taught in even very advanced schools in my own case Phillips Exeter Academy Stanford and Harvard and seems to fly in the face of what seems to be simple common sense The author however makes compelling arguments defending his thesis and backs them up with a lot of historical facts drawn from myriad sources that I had never previously known about Aside from his somewhat daunting vocabulary and a number of slightly misused words that are probably the result of a faulty spelling checker program the main flaw with the book is that he basically repeats the same thesis over and over again in somewhat different words and to me at any rate does not give enough detail about the various defeats that Western explorers exploiters and assorted imperialists of one ilk or another suffered at the hands of what Kipling called lesser breeds throughout the centuries Whether or not you end up agreeing with his thesis depends I suppose mostly on how hardened your original mindset is about the history of the world when you pick up this book But even if you end up not being convinced by his arguments you owe it to your own sense of intellectual honesty to read the damn thing Unfortunately judging from the fact that there are so far only five reviews of it here at in spite of the excellent review given it by The New York Times a couple of months ago I can only conclude that very few people have bought it too bad every educated person ought to read it Along with Jared Diamond s wonderful book about guns germs and steel which is cited several times in this work this truly should be a paradigm disruptor to use the book s own horrible jargon But probably won t be

review Empires of the Weak: The Real Story of European Expansion and the Creation of the New World Order

 Empires of the Weak: The Real Story of European Expansion and the Creation of the New World Order

review Ï eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Ø J C Sharman Empires of the Weak: The Real Story of European Expansion and the Creation of the New World Order review ☆ 7 S instead that European expansion from the late fifteenth to the late eighteenth centuries is better explained by deference to strong Asian and African polities disease in the Americas and maritime supremacy earned by default because local land oriented polities were largely indifferent to war and trade at seaEuropeans were overawed by the mighty Eastern empires of the day which pioneered key military innovations and were the greatest early modern conuerors Against the view that the Europeans won for all time Sharman contends that t. Empires of the Weak is a small book full of big ideas The author sets out to demolish the Military Revolution theory Michael Roberts that holds that changes in technology and tactics among European powers led to the creation of the modern European nation state This state model created robust fiscal states tied to big armies and in turn allowed Europe to out compete the rest of the world and in short order dominate the Americas Asia and AfricaSharman takes a hammer to that thesis and in the process does a pretty good job demolishing it He shows that rather than dominating the rest the west in fact had empires that were a mile wide and an inch deep in most places Tied to blue water navies and reliant on expeditionary forces dependent on native allies the west controlled much of the high ground but their dominance never extended very far into either Asia or Africa for most of the 16th 17th and 18th centuries This is where the Empires of the Weak part of Sharman s argument comes in and where his work is strongest Sharman convincingly makes the case that the armies deployed in Africa Asia and the Americas were never large armies supported by modern fiscal statesAs Sharman hammered at the revolution thesis sparks flew Personally I found those sparks fleeting as they were much interesting than the principal work which became a bit repetitive and tedious The subtitle of the book is The Real Story of European Expansion and the Creation of the New World Order Although Sharman doesn t go very deep into that history he does a terrific job illuminating certain key trends that have both historical relevance and significance todayAs mentioned until the 19th century Europethe west never really dominated Africa or Asia but it did dominate the seas and projected power into those continents This allowed western powers the illusion of dominance especially in the retrospect and through the lens of what ultimately happened in the 19th and early 20th centuries The military forces of the west were not the large militaries discussed in the military revolution thesis they were instead expeditionary forces closely tied to the sea for supplies reinforcements and naval artillery supportWhere the west did dominate principally in America the outcome was decided less by brute military dominance and by disease see Jared Diamond s Guns Germs Steel work AND clever diplomacy the fruits of which was a steady progression of native allies at war with the dominant powers Aztecs Incans fighting in alliance with western powers In Africa on the other hand part of what held European powers back were immunological challenges There to put it bluntly the germs were working for the home teamUltimately of course the west did manage to virtually dominate much Asia and Africa Was that simply the military revolution at work and only delayed Sharman convincingly says no The armies were still expeditionary and military resistance largely not present It was just that the technology of the industrial revolution put wind military communications and logistical tech in the sails of the west while political crisis and collapse deflated the restSharman doesn t go into the implications of his work but there seem to be plenty of modern ones Policy makers and idea shapers who want to see the west continue to be relatively powerful should seek to understand them At the top of my list of things to consider would be what role naval and air power combined with rapid expeditionary forces allows western nations to continue to project power around the globe If somewhat isolated land empires are the norm and hard to ultimately manage and western power is likely to be fleeting and fluid shouldn t we be thinking how to leverage our strengthsAnother interesting set of ideas never really fully explored are mercantilism and trade Sharman points out that whatever limitations the west may have had in butting up with land empires it enjoyed dominance of the seas He points out how costly protracted land campaigns could be but he left unexplored any upside of the west s dominance of blue water What was the linkage between the economic and technological successes of the west relative to even the most advanced societies in Asia for example and access to free seas and world tradeThree other concepts the author explores and worth mentioning1 The presence of public private partnerships as the west pursued its expeditionary hegemony the Conuistadors and the East India Company for example were highlighted2 The successes of the Ottoman Empire against the western powers in the face of the military revolution3 Popular public opinion as a source of both support for and eventually opposition to empire buildingHopefully others can further explore and build on Sharman s exciting work but that doesn t take away from the brilliance of this short book

review Ï eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Ø J C Sharman

review Ï eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Ø J C Sharman Empires of the Weak: The Real Story of European Expansion and the Creation of the New World Order review ☆ 7 How the rise of the West was a temporary exception to the predominant world orderWhat accounts for the rise of the state the creation of the first global system and the dominance of the West The conventional answer asserts that superior technology tactics and institutions forged by Darwinian military competition gave Europeans a decisive advantage in war over other civilizations from 1500 onward In contrast Empires of the Weak argues that Europeans actually had no general military superiority in the early modern era J C Sharman show. This is on an intriguing thesis the idea that most empires of history were Asian and that the European ascendancy in the 19th century was a temporary fluke overvalued by Eurocentrc historians Well argued but I did get the impression that he was picking data to support his idea For example the fall of the European empires in the 20th century is attributed to their inherent weaknesses but he gives little attention to the role of World War II during which France and the Netherlands were actually occupied and Britain badly weakened Likewise he talks of Asia s return to power though none of the original empires which he studied the Mughals the Ottomans the ing still exist and he doesn t demonstrate continuity between the old and new empires